The complications during pregnancy differ in each pregnant woman. It can be mild or severe. Some women may experience complication during pregnancy. Complications are the health problems of the mom or the baby that occur during pregnancy. Some common complications that mom and fetus may experience during pregnancy are:
- High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure or hypertension is a complication of the pregnant woman that affects the baby. High blood pressure can cause other complications like preeclampsia and gestational diabetes which affects both mom and the child. Before delivery, tell your doctor clearly about your medical history and if you had high blood pressure earlier. High blood pressure is a serious complication that should be treated.
- Anemia: Anemia is a condition that occurs if the normal number of healthy red blood cells is lower. Women with anemia can feel more tiredness or will be more weak. Iron and folic acid supplements are given to women with anemia. You need to include diet which is high in iron. Proper treatments should be taken to maintain the normal level of healthy red blood cells.
- Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes is a complication during pregnancy that may lead to high blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes increases the risk of premature birth, Cesarean birth, giving birth to a unhealthy baby etc.
- Bleeding: A little bleeding during pregnancy is a common mild complication, however, a proper care should be taken to ensure it is not getting complicated.
Infections: Pregnant women have an increased chance of getting infections. Many of the infections can affect both mother and the baby. So proper treatment should be taken for any infection.
- Miscarriage: Miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy in first 20 weeks or before. There can be loss of pregnancy after 20 weeks. It is called stillbirth.
Other complication might include:
- Multiple Pregnancy
- Premature Delivery
- Placental Abruption – If the placenta is abrupt and separated from the uterus.
- Nausea and Vomiting
To avoid any complications, it is important that you keep consulting your midwife / consultant to ensure your health and the baby’s health is not affected.